What is taekwondo? a definition and short history

Taekwonvị (also known as Tae Kwon Do) is the art of self defense that originated in Korea. It is recognized as one of the oldest forms of martial arts in the world, reaching bachồng over 2,000 years. The name was selected for its appropriate mô tả tìm kiếm of the art: Tae (foot), Kwon (hand), Do (art).

You watching: What is taekwondo? a definition and short history

Taekwonvày in the United States

The introduction of Taekwonvị in the United States began during the 1950’s when a handful of pioneering master instructors travelled to lớn America to lớn spread the art. Throughout the next few decades Taekwonvày grew in popularity, not only as a martial art, but as an international sport.

In 1973, Korea hosted the first Taekwonvày World Championships. In that same year, the World Taekwondo Federation was established as the international governing body toàn thân for the sport aspects of Taekwonvị. Today the WTF counts 1trăng tròn separate countries as its members, representing 20 million practitioners. These numbers earn Taekwonvị the distinction of being the most practiced martial art in the world.

Taekwonvày first gained acceptance as an Olympic sport when it appeared as a demonstration sự kiện in the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games. Taekwonvì became a full medal sport competition beginning in 2000 at the Sydney Olympics.

History of Taekwondo

One of the earliest clues of Taekwondo’s existence is a mural painted on the wall of a tomb that was built in the Korean kingdom of Koguryo, between 37 BC và 66 AD. The drawing shows two unarmed figures facing each other in a Taekwonvì chưng style stance. Additional drawings in the tomb show figures performing blocks and wearing uniforms similar lớn those used in modern day Taekwonvị training.

See more: ‎ Pokémon Mobile Apps And More, The Best Pokémon Games For Android

The advancement of Taekwonvì và its techniques developed as the country of Korea developed. There are examples and history of Taekwonbởi vì training in virtually all the records of the different kingdoms that existed within the country throughout the centuries.

The highest form of the ancient art was achieved in the kingdom of Silla. This tiny kingdom constantly faced attacks và opposition from larger and stronger areas. As a result the ruler of the kingdom, King Jin Heung, established an elite group of warriors called the “Hwarang” or “Flower of Youth”.

The Hwarang consisted of the sons of nobles within the kingdom. They were carefully selected và formally trained in all aspects of military skills including unarmed combat, which at the time was known as Tae Kyon. It is significant that the Hwarang were taught not only the importance of developing their bodies, but their minds & spirits as well. In addition lớn fighting techniques, the young warriors were instructed in history, poetry, và philosophy. The entire body toàn thân of study was known as Hwarang Do. The Hwarang gained skills not only for battle, but for daily life. This relates directly khổng lồ modern Taekwonvì training, which provides self defense skills as well as improved character, self-discipline, and confidence that can be applied khổng lồ any task.

See more: Tải Game Run 2 1 - Temple Run 2 Apk For Android

Following the Silla dynasty came the Koryo dynasty (935 AD – 1352 AD) from which Korea takes its name. Martial arts practice, known as Subak Do, became popular as an organized sport with detailed rules. The royal family sponsored competitions & demonstrations, and martial arts became deeply rooted in Korean culture.